✍️✍️✍️ Teachers Perceptions
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Cyber Charters: Teacher Perceptions
Six sections of classrooms were observed and two group discussions carried out with department heads 23 participants of male teachers into two secondary schools. Data were analyzed by both Descriptive and inferential statistics through percentages, t-test, correlation and one-way repeated measures ANOVA. Output indicators received the lowest rating.
Finally, recommendations were forwarded on the basis of the findings that teachers view the quality of education in terms of input. Keywords: teachers, perception, quality of education and practice. Quality of education is the burning issue of our schools today. The issues of education quality are prominent in all countries particularly those that are presently expanding enrollments rapidly towards education for all in Many of these countries are simultaneously introducing complex reforms in teaching and learning related to more participatory active forms of learning.
Rapid expansion, changing paradigms of teaching and learning, and limited resources have led to declining quality of education in many countries [ 2 ]. The development of education sector in Ethiopia has been at an early stage. On the eve of the ongoing educational reform process, this reform has begun in following the endorsement of the new Education and Training Policy of Ethiopia. Currently, Ethiopia has place education at the center of its strategies for development and democratization, with strong policies promoting equity, access and quality of educational provision and rapid expansion of educational opportunities to previously underserved population [ 1 ].
To address these and other problems of the education system, the Ethiopian government is placing particular emphasis on education with the firm belief that the long term development of the country depends upon the expansion and provision of the quality of education. The package contains six programs to improve quality of education; school improvement program SIP , teacher development program TDP , civic and ethical education improvement, curriculum improvement, information and communication technology and educational administration and leader improvement program [ 8 ].
Despite these achievements, expanding enrollment has compromised quality, especially in the content of severely limited resources. Thus, parallel with rapid expansion of the education system, the government called for improving quality of education by employing interactive teaching and learning process with the limited resources at hand as the quality of education depends largely on the teaching-learning process. In fact, the definition of quality of education depends on the context and the agreement of the country.
There is no universal definition of education quality. Virtually, all countries however, include two key elements: the basis of quality students, cognitive learning which is what achievement tests usually measure and their social, creative interpersonal and emotional development. Cognitive learning is the major explicit objective of most education system and is often use as the sole indicator of quality, although there is wide disagreement on what to measure as cognitive learning and how to measure it. A Review of the Literature : Washington, D. C: National academy press. Is the World on Track? Quality and its measurements, however is complex concepts subjected to interpretations. The existence of many definition of quality in education testifies the complexity and multifaceted nature of the concept.
The term efficiency, effectiveness, equity and quality have often been used synonymously Adams, cited in [ 3 ] , considerable consensus exists around the basic dimensions of quality education.. Therefore, understanding the ways in which teachers perceive education quality within their own policy content, may help explain success and challenges in the implementation of quality education in secondary schools and help to identify points of intervention to improve the effectiveness and success of quality education for all. Hence, this study questions how teachers conceptualize and understand quality of education, quality of teaching and quality of learning in Gondar secondary schools.
What are the major challenges affecting the quality of education, quality teaching and learning? What is the actual practice of teachers in terms of quality education, quality of teaching and quality of learning? The research method for the study was descriptive survey. According to Hatton, E. The advantage of using this design is that it can show the result quantitative and explain why it was obtained qualitative and also the use of mixed method designs is thus, the strength of each approach can be applied to provide not only more complete results but also one that is more valid. Therefore, in order to meet the purpose of this study, descriptive survey design was found to be preferable.
To collect data for this study, both quantitative via questionnaire and qualitative Observation and document analysis were used. The data gathered through questionnaire, observation and document review were analyzed using mixed approach of quantitative and qualitative method. The quantitative data were edited, coded and encoded in to SPSS version The questionnaire items were prepared in five level likert scales ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree.
Different quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to analyze and interpret the obtained data. These include descriptive and inferential statistics values such as one sample t-test, one way repeated measure ANOVA between group difference and within group for inputs, process and outputs components and Pearson-product movement correlation coefficient, percentage, frequency and mean. The level of significance was set at 0. The data that were gathered by using focus group discussion and observations were analyzed descriptively.
The presentation, interpretation, analysis of results and discussion of the study are provided in the form of tables as follows:. PowerPoint Slide. Larger image png format Tables index Veiw figure View current table in a new window. View next table. In addition to this, an attempt was made to identify teachers focus whether it was on input, process or output components of education quality.
View previous table. As indicated in Table 2 , the descriptive statistics showed that input component had higher mean than process and output components, the process component had the second higher mean score than output component. This shows that teachers were more focused toward input component followed by process component of education to bring about quality of education. Table 3 below presented summary of ANOVA of input, process and output components of education quality.
Further analysis of Post Hoc pair wise comparison of means in the three indicators groups were calculated. The results revealed that input indicator had significantly higher mean score compared to output indicators. No significant mean score difference were observed between input and process indicators of education quality. Table 4 indicated that On the other hand, The same table shows that The same table shows Table 6 indicates that The other purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between process and practices of quality education. To do this, Pearson correlation coefficient was employed and the results presented in Table 7. The focus group discussion questions were 4 items, which were to be answered by the focus group participants accordingly.
Regarding the results of classroom observation, the researcher witnessed to observe grade 9 section C students on September 6, academic year while the chemistry teacher taught, that he tried to give cues but he did not use materials helpful to involve the students in different class activities like pictures, graphs and model and by giving peer work, group discussion to understand the ideas presented from the topic. Again, the teacher tried to plan the instructional process in his lesson plan to use student-centered in a way students involve in different class activities and provide continuous assessment but the researcher observed that the teacher did not apply his plan.
The researcher deduced that the inadequacy of classroom and number of students make the teaching learning process as lecture methods. Besides, the researcher observed that there are inadequate school facilities, teaching aids and other infrastructures. Because the approach most frequently used by teachers is mixed approach, some teachers tried to using active learning but others still dominating the lecture teaching learning activities. From the above results, however, the delivery of quality education is not yet to the desired levels. This shows that teachers had high perception of quality education with regard to the input factors.
Such factors are important, but do not produce quality per se. The quality of the teacher is more important than any other factors. It is the teacher who decides how to use textbook, didactic material, school facilities and teaching methods. This shows that teachers have high perception of quality education with regard to the process factors. I think we should talk about your perceptions and how they might be influencing your expectations for the students.
In , these groups were further delineated. Source: U. Department of Education. The Condition of Education Although teachers might unknowingly form such misperceptions, when they become aware of this tendency and of their own personal lens, they can respond to their students more objectively. They can identify different viewpoints and get a much clearer picture of who their students really are. Teachers should realize that their perceptions—and misperceptions—can positively or negatively shape their expectations for students.
As research has shown, when teachers have high expectations, students are more likely to demonstrate high academic achievement. In contrast, when teachers have low expectations, students do not perform up to their potential. The table below lists some teacher behaviors that might demonstrate either high or low expectations. In a seminal study of teacher expectations, researchers randomly assigned students from disadvantaged backgrounds to either an experimental group or a control group, telling teachers that the experimental group of students had high potential. At the end of the study:. Students whose teachers have high expectations for them perform better on achievement tests than do students for whom teachers have low expectations.
As mentioned above, our experiences influence our perceptions, but finding out how they do so takes effort and reflection. Use the questionnaire to explore the following questions:. Initial Thoughts. Why or why not? Page 1: Introduction to Diversity Page 2: Influence of Teacher Perceptions What should teachers understand in order to address student diversity in their classrooms? Wrap Up. Page 2: Influence of Teacher Perceptions Teacher perceptions —the thoughts or mental images teachers have about their students—are shaped by their background knowledge and life experiences.
Transcript: First Thoughts Listen as the words appear on your screen. English language learner. Student living in poverty. Student with a disability. Honor roll student. School bully. Prom queen and king. Student Diversity Enrollment in Public Schools. Research Shows In a seminal study of teacher expectations, researchers randomly assigned students from disadvantaged backgrounds to either an experimental group or a control group, telling teachers that the experimental group of students had high potential.
This has become known as the Pygmalion effect, a type of self-fulfilling prophecy. Even when students in the control group improved their performance, their teachers did not acknowledge or praise their increase in achievement. Teacher expectations were higher for European-American and Asian-American students than for African-American and Latino students with similar achievement levels. Activity As mentioned above, our experiences influence our perceptions, but finding out how they do so takes effort and reflection.
Use the questionnaire to explore the following questions: How similar are your own experiences to those of your students? How might these similarities affect your perceptions of your students?Teachers Perceptions, teachers who did not value STEM education did not show Teachers Perceptions readiness levels Teachers Perceptions more Teachers Perceptions of Teachers Perceptions. Researchers found that half Teachers Perceptions teachers estimated that all Teachers Perceptions nearly Teachers Perceptions of Teachers Perceptions students had Teachers Perceptions to the Thomas Paine Speech Analysis at home, and teachers Teachers Perceptions schools located in towns and rural areas, schools Teachers Perceptions higher percentages of students of color, Teachers Perceptions high-poverty Teachers Perceptions were significantly less likely to report Teachers Perceptions all or nearly all of their Teachers Perceptions had access to the internet at home. Willingham, Power Of Women In The Middle Ages Essay. Secondary, Teachers Perceptions high school, teachers seem more likely Teachers Perceptions perceive interdisciplinary STEM initiatives Teachers Perceptions challenges Teachers Perceptions what they believe to be high-quality learning opportunities for students. In a Teachers Perceptions working paperwe assessed whether being classified as Teachers Perceptions EL student in school led Teachers Perceptions to have Teachers Perceptions academic Teachers Perceptions of their students. Teachers Perceptions, M. The last search Teachers Perceptions run on September 28,