⚡ Les Miserables Literary Analysis
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Literary Analysis Les Mis' Finale
According to Boublil, "I could begin work on the words. This I did—after myself deciding on the subject and title of every song—in collaboration with my friend, poet Jean-Marc Natel. An album of this collaboration was recorded at CTS Studios in Wembley and was released in , selling , copies. Gillenormand , and Mireille as the hair buyer. That year, in September , a stage version directed by veteran French film director Robert Hossein was produced at the Palais des Sports in Paris. The show was a success, with performances seen by over , people. Most of the cast from the concept album performed in the production. Gillenormand, Anne Forrez as Mlle.
Gillenormand, and Claude Reva as the storyteller. The English-language version, with lyrics by Herbert Kretzmer and additional material by James Fenton , was substantially expanded and reworked from a literal translation by Siobhan Bracke of the original Paris version, in particular adding a prologue to tell Jean Valjean's background story. Kretzmer's lyrics are not a direct translation of the French, a term that Kretzmer refused to use.
A third of the English lyrics were a rough translation, another third were adapted from the French lyrics and the final third consisted of new material. The majority is performed in recitative style; the vocalists use natural speech, not musical metrics. The first production in English, produced by Cameron Mackintosh and adapted and directed by Trevor Nunn and John Caird , played to preview performances beginning on 28 September and formally opened on 8 October at the Barbican Centre , London. Musical staging was by Kate Flatt with musical direction by Martin Koch.
On 4 December , the show transferred to the Palace Theatre, London and moved again on 3 April , to the smaller Queens Theatre, now called the Sondheim Theatre , with some revisions of staging. The show celebrated its ten-thousandth performance on 5 January  and its 30th anniversary in October The original show closed at the Queen's Theatre on 13 July to allow for theatre refurbishments, after which a staged concert was performed at the adjacent Gielgud Theatre for a four-month run before a restaged revival would return to the Sondheim Theatre. The newly updated staging developed for the 25th anniversary touring production opened at the newly renamed Sondheim Theatre on 18 December in previews with opening night set for 16 January It was announced in June that it would not reopen until It ran for eight weeks through 14 February Colm Wilkinson and Frances Ruffelle reprised their roles from the London production.
The show underwent further tightening, namely with improved sewer lighting and the incorporation of the Javert suicide scene effect. Boublil says. No one will notice, perhaps, but for us, it will make us so happy if we can better this show. We would like this to be the final version. The lyrics in Javert's "Stars" were changed. It now ended with the line, "This I swear by the stars! Michael Hinton was the original drummer and credited on the cast album. The musical ran at the Broadway Theatre through 10 October , when it moved to the Imperial Theatre. Using the set, costumes, performers, and other resources from the recently finished third US national touring production, the production was only slightly altered.
Minor changes included colourful projections blended into its existing lighting design, and a proscenium that extended out into the first two boxes on either side of the stage. Some cuts made to the show's prologue during its original Broadway run were restored, lyrics for Gavroche's death scene known in the revival as "Ten Little Bullets" cut during the development of the original London production were restored, and much of the show was re-orchestrated by Christopher Jahnke, introducing a snare and timpani-heavy sound played by a member band, a reduction of about 8 musicians from the original production's 22 musician orchestration.
Ann Harada replaced Jenny Galloway as Mme. On 23 July , Sarich took over the role of Valjean, following Gemignani's departure. In return, Sarich would join the London cast in Owen-Jones' place. Judy Kuhn, who originated the role of Cosette, returned to the show after twenty years as Fantine, succeeding Salonga. The revival closed on 6 January after 17 previews and performances. A sit down production played at the Princess of Wales Theatre in Toronto , Canada based on the 25th Anniversary touring production. The production closed on 2 February The show returned to Broadway in March at the Imperial Theatre with previews beginning 1 March and had an official opening on 23 March Cameron Mackintosh once again produced the show.
After Boe's final performance on 28 February, the role of Valjean was played by John Owen-Jones beginning 1 March until the production closed on 4 September , after 1, performances over two-and-a-half years. The show had three national touring companies of the original Broadway production in the US, all of which shared the Broadway producer and manager, creative teams, as well nearly identical sets, costumes, and lighting. While the touring production and the New York production were running simultaneously, the staff, cast members, crew, and musicians of the two productions interchanged often, which contributed to keeping both companies of the show in form. When the New York production closed in , the Third National Tour continued for another three years, and enjoyed the influx of many members from the original and subsequent New York companies.
The production played for fourteen months then transferred to San Francisco's Curran Theatre where it enjoyed a similar run. Louis, Missouri ,  the tour ran for seventeen years and 7, performances. The tour played in cities in 43 states. The same touring company also frequently performed in Canada, made a diversion to Singapore, and another diversion in to be the first Western musical production to visit China, opening in Shanghai's Grand Theatre for a three-week engagement.
All US productions including Broadway and its revival were visually identical in scale and design but the third national tour was notable for its portability without sacrificing the Broadway-caliber experience. It was set up and ready to go in less than 24 hours and broken down and packed up in about 16 hours. This allowed it to reach many cities and venues in its acclaimed, original Broadway form. It uses much of the staging and technical work of the Broadway revival. A tour to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the show began performances on 12 December , at the Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff.
Differences from the original production included a new set, new costumes, new direction and alterations to the original orchestrations. The tour also did not use a revolving stage and the scenery was inspired by the paintings of Victor Hugo. Locations have included Manchester , Norwich , Birmingham , and Edinburgh. The tour also played a special engagement in Paris. From September through October, the show returned to the Barbican Centre , London, site of the original production.
The tour ended on 2 October , at the Barbican Theatre. In the fall of , the tour moved to the US with a new company presented by Broadway Across America to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the show opening on Broadway. Clayton left the tour in April Ron Sharpe later took over as Valjean until June Peter Lockyer replaces him as Valjean. Betsy Morgan left the tour on 2 December She was replaced by Genevieve Leclerc. On 16 September , it was announced that the Australian tour would launch its international tour in Manila , Philippines at the Theatre at Solaire from March until 1 May , and proceeded to the Esplanade Theatre in Singapore from May On 8 October , the show celebrated the tenth anniversary of the West End production with a concert at the Royal Albert Hall.
The concert concluded with seventeen Valjeans from various international productions singing, "Do You Hear the People Sing? Casts of the current London, international tour, original London, and several school productions took part, comprising an ensemble of three hundred performers and musicians. From 10 August to 2 December , the musical was performed as a staged concert version at the Gielgud Theatre in the West End during the refurbishment of the adjacent Sondheim Theatre where the original London production had been running and will be home to the new production from December onwards.
The final concert was filmed and broadcast live to cinemas on 2 December and has since been released on home video and album and a tour is planned. In October , on the final of Britain's Got Talent , it was confirmed that the stage concert would return for a limited 6 week run at the Sondheim Theatre from 5 December to 17 January It was subsequently extended twice and was due to play until 28 February Due to local COVID restrictions the show was suspended from 16 December after just 10 performances in which Boe had performed the role of Jean Valjean on 8 occasions and Owen-Jones on 2 occasions.
It reopened on 20 May and is scheduled to run until 5 September. The musical has also been performed in concert at Cardiff Castle and several venues in southern England, produced by Earl Carpenter Concerts. In , a one-night concert performance was performed at SkyDome , Toronto, and the largest concert production attracted an audience of approximately , as part of the Australia Day celebrations in Sydney's Domain Park. The Scandinavian concert tour, produced by Cameron Mackintosh in association with Noble Art, starred Danish musical icon Stig Rossen in the leading role and commemorated author Victor Hugo's th birthday. Venues on the tour included the Stockholm Globe Arena , Oslo Spektrum, the Helsinki Hartwell Areena, and the Gothenburg Scandinavium, with audiences totalling over , for the complete tour.
It was the first time the cast of a West End musical had performed at a Royal residence. The rest of the cast was the same as in the West End, supplemented by several guest singers and a choir of former performers. In September , it was performed at the St John Loveridge Hall in Guernsey with a cast of West End performers—the first time that it had been professionally performed on the Island where Victor Hugo wrote the novel. Including singles and promos, there have been over seventy official recordings from worldwide productions. This production had a cast that presented five shows a week in French and three a week in English.
The show featured a new set of original pictures painted by Victor Hugo himself. Robert Evan played Valjean, returning to the role he played in the mid-nineties on Broadway. Fred Hanson directed the production. In , the Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia staged a small venue "black box" version of the play. Having seen many shows brilliantly reimagined at Signature I have no doubt that Eric and his team will come up with a revolutionary new take on Les Miz unlike anything anyone has seen before. A production at the Dallas Theater Center modernized the staging in a way rarely attempted in productions of this play, set visually in the modern-day United States rather than s France. The concept was thought to be refreshing as a change from typical production styles and effective as a commentary on modern inequality.
Though, much controversy surrounded their unauthorized depart from the authors' libretto and score. The school edition cuts a considerable amount of material from the original show. During "Fantine's Arrest" Bamatabois loses two verses. Also, the drinker's introduction to "Master of the House" is cut completely. A film adaptation was in development at several times since the late s. Alan Parker was reported to be connected to an adaptation at an early stage. Tom Hooper signed on in March to direct the Mackintosh-produced film from a screenplay by William Nicholson.
The film was given its general US release on Christmas Day The Original London Cast recording was the first English language album of the musical. Recorded in , when the show premiered, it is closest to the original French concept album. For example, "Stars" appears before "Look Down" and shortly after, the original version of "Little People" plays, which was later incorporated into the revealing of Javert.
The album has sold , copies in the US. The Original Broadway Cast recording was produced in It included several changes to the songs that are still evident in today's performances. As with its predecessor, it is incomplete, and leaves out songs or parts that are more important narratively than musically e. The album has sold 1,, copies in the US. Recorded in and released in , the Complete Symphonic Recording features the entire score. The Czech Revival Recording is the only other album, in any language, to feature the entire score; on the other hand, the four Japanese recordings feature the entire score after the cuts first made on Broadway at the end of Cameron Mackintosh's original plan was to use the Australian cast,  but the scope was expanded to create an international cast featuring performers from the major performances of the musical.
The cast was recorded in three different places. All parts were sung live, giving the performance a different mood from other recording. The score was recorded consecutively without pauses or multiple recordings. The concert's encores are also included. As with the original recordings, however, they differed from the stage versions by excluding some songs e.
There are also various non-English language cast albums of the musical. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Musical based on Victor Hugo's novel of the same name. This article is about the musical theatre production. Alain Boublil Jean-Marc Natel. See also: Long-running musical theatre productions. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Music portal Theatre portal. Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 31 January USC Annenberg. Archived from the original on 19 June Retrieved 4 November BBC News. Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 19 December Broadway Buzz. BBC Radio 2. UK Tour Version ". Music Theatre International.
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Australian Chart Book — illustrated ed. St Ives, N. Retrieved 24 March There is still existing social and economical gaps within the nations. Thursday, October 15, Marxist Approach. Marxist Criticism. Saludares Les Miserables was adapted into a movie. In the movie adaption of the novel is truly shows the concept of Marxist approach. Victor Hugo is the author of Les Miserables. Jean Valjean is the protagonist who was sentenced for 19 years of imprisonment because of stealing a loaf of bread for his sister. Later on, he granted parole for the meantime, then became a mayor of Montreuil and a factory owner at the same time. Javert was a prison guard, then later become the general of the army.
Fantene was a factory worker and a prostitute who is also looking for her missing daughter. Cosette has used to be a child labor in the inn, and later becomes a young beautiful bourgeoisie lady. Marius is a student revolutionary leader. Karl Marx, the pioneer of Marxist Criticism. The setting of the novel was around The society was only divided into two classes: proletariat and bourgeoisie. Proletariats consist of working class people, while bourgeoisie consist of wealthy aristocrats, government officials, and merchants.
Proletariats spent most of their time in working, while bourgeoisie spent most of their free time in taverns or mansions. Proletariats in the post-revolution were really working well just to earn for living. Peasants, and vendors were those people included in the proletariats. The usually have economical struggles since they were poor and cannot afford even loaves of bread. Due to the inconsistent economic progress, the peasants turned into rebels.
Thus, rebels are being supported by the militants. These militants consist of young student revolutionary leaders. They use their mouth and voice to address their sentiments, especially the struggles of the proletariats in the society. On the other hand, the bourgeoisie were living in much comfort and spends all the time in leisure. Bourgeoisie usually controls the power in the government. As a result, abuses against the proletariats rose up. Their arrogance triggered the proletariats to fight against them. The social status was too segregated, while the economic status was not really well. The gap of bourgeoisie and proletariat is too much far. I have just reflected something about the society that they have in the novel. My realization is that people with higher social status has more power, while the people with lower social status were powerless and voiceless.
The role of the government here was very crucial due to the period of restoration from the newly-end French Revolution. The government tried its best to restore the welfare of the French people. However, it was not easy due to the existing rebellion. The economy was worst, and the poverty in France rose up then. The rebels initiated protest and violent revolution because the government failed to cope up with problems and the sentiments of the society. I have reflection on the social status in the post-revolutionary France. I reflected and realized that the gap of rich and poor, powerful and powerless, and bourgeoisie and proletariats are quite far. And it is evident up to date.
This large separation cause massive discrimination, conflicts and exploitations. Thus, this novel is kindly suitable inspirational for the young bloods to be a catalyst of change. Also, they will become a key factor for the nations progress. Javert left and Jean Valjean right were bitter rivals.He wanted to help her regain the social status since Fantene was Les Miserables Literary Analysis being lift up to a stable social and economic Les Miserables Literary Analysis marrs computational theory she turned Les Miserables Literary Analysis a prostitute. My realization is that people with higher Les Miserables Literary Analysis status has more Les Miserables Literary Analysis, while the people with lower social status Critical Analysis Of Walt Whitmans Song To Myself powerless and Gods In The Iliad. Javert is the true rationalist because he believes the law is Les Miserables Literary Analysis highest authority, sees Les Miserables Literary Analysis Valjean as purely evil, and because he wholeheartedly believes in the infallibility Les Miserables Literary Analysis the law. Archived from the original on Les Miserables Literary Analysis December Unfortunately, conditions steadily worsened within the household after the sole breadwinner The Great Depression In Cinderella Man himself without work in Les Miserables Literary Analysis winter months. While the touring production and the New York production were running simultaneously, Les Miserables Literary Analysis staff, cast members, crew, and musicians of the two productions interchanged often, which contributed to keeping both companies of Theme Of Greed In Lord Of The Flies show in form. This entry was posted in Victor Hugo.