⌛ Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper
Cite This paper. Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper in Applied Microeconomics. This leads to Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper breakdown, which can only be resolved by influential interpersonal skills and actions. The average number of Extra Curricular Activities Analysis used was 2. Essay Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper uncertainty reduction theory from Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research PaperUncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper essay on organic farming in sikkim heir to pride rock a descriptive essay Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper your best Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper The choice of My Perception Of Myself Essay is important as it determines the level Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper anxiety as well as communication motives Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper. Internationally, Match.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory
This theory was first developed by Charles Berger. He believed that when people are to meet for the first time they have a high level of uncertainty and the only way for them to reduce it is to communicate with one another. Berger, a communication theorist coined the term Uncertainty Reduction Theory in This theory discusses that when people meet one of their first concerns is to reduce uncertainty about the other person and the situation. Berger uses eight axioms, verbal communication, nonverbal warmth, information seeking, self-disclosure, reciprocity, similarity, liking, and shared networks to discuss the connection between these axioms and reducing uncertainty Griffin, E.
Analysis of the Uncertainty Reduction theory on interpersonal communication Through this paper I will conduct an analysis of the uncertainty reduction theory and will then apply it to my own experience here in Colorado university. This theory has been subject to many articles and studies in the communication and social departments. Indeed, studying this theory can help us understanding human relations in interpersonal communication. Each of us has been one day confronted to uncertainty, whereas in. Abstract This paper deals with uncertainty reduction theory from its origin to date.
Ever since uncertainty reduction theory was first created, many researchers have examined it by comparing it with other theories. Uncertainty reduction theory had been tested across different cultures in order to confirm its generalizability. It had also been applied to real life situations to examine how individuals interact in their initial encounters with strangers. In addition, researchers suggested testing uncertainty reduction theory beyond initial encounters rather than strangers. Finally, criticisms were provided for potential future studies. Introduction Uncertainty reduction theory was created by Charles Berger in This theory …show more content… The intimacy level of communication content is inversely related to information seeking T12 and reciprocity rate T13 and is positively related to liking T14 and similarity T There are numerous parts for cardiovascular ultrasound throughout potentially cardiotoxic cancer treatment regimens.
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Improvements of outcomes for those living with psychosis can partly be due to advances in pharmacological treatments. This has led to the progress of psychological and social interventions to help restore functioning and to minimise the distress associated with psychosis. Extensive research has been undertaken which has led to a better understanding of the processes behind psychosis, leading to developments in psychological interventions - most evidently Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Psychosis CBTp.
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They, or at least seem to have a distorted view of their own sensitivity to risk and benefits. This error can be called "therapeutic failure. So far, three general causes of therapeutic failure received considerable attention in the literature. This is the therapeutic misconception, unrealistically optimistic and therapeutic …show more content… As a researcher at the mindset has declared that "the mere act of making a decision passing a person from a predecisional one postdecisional state leads to an increase in internal motivation and better performance. As mentioned above, the implementation mindset shown to promote illusions control. People in this mindset often mistakenly believe that they can control the results that are actually out of control, and can therefore devote considerable time and resources to achieve unattainable goals.
In a random game of chance, a person who is keen to win the game will think that she can check the results of game. Research has shown that there is a significant difference between overlay forming and implementation mindset when it comes to the perceived sensitivity of the risks and benefits. For example, in several studies involving students, participants were asked to consider a number of events, such as being in a car accident, develop alcohol problems, losing a partner to premature death, or being robbed. Her study of college students suggested that URT did apply cohesively in this CMC setting: users who interacted a lot tended to experience less uncertainty Sheldon, , p.
Indeed, from to , not much has changed in terms of what is possible within the realm of CMC. While users can share photos, videos and other forms of multimedia, the factors of proximity and physical cues are still not there. Essentially, CMC settings are successful in fostering relationships because visual cues are not requirements of interaction and when they are necessary, textual cues were seen to be comparable alternatives. Facebook relationships thrive on the level of intimacy within self-disclosure.
This means that the more we disclose to others in terms of quality, not so much quality, the more meaningful the relationship becomes. This supports URT because as we disclose more and trust others, we develop stronger relationships. As we develop stronger online relationships, we reduce the overall uncertainty about the other person. Thus, interactions on Facebook appear more like FtF communication than meets the eye. As predictability was also a critical aspect of URT, the evidence would suggest that CMC relationships that developed on Facebook took on the same conventional characteristics of FtF interactions.
Consequently, while the context for communication is entirely different in an online setting, the means and social processes involved in developing friendships was still consistent. However, it is important to understand that Facebook offers an environment where we tend to know most of our connections in person, see their pictures and have the ability to seek out information and context clues from their activity. Therefore, it is also important to study how URT and the strategies apply in CMC when we do not necessarily know or have existing FtF relationships with the other person. Such a case study is other online dating sites. Neil Warren utilized his 35 years of clinical experience to launch a service that would utilize scientific research on CMC to help people develop meaningful relationships in a safe environment eHarmony, N.
Essentially, the important aspects of information seeking behavior are met with this guided communication. Users can browse profiles based on relevant criteria and a controlled communication environment is there to carefully foster interaction, if any. Luckily, research has been done on behalf of online dating sites to analyze CMC in online dating communities. In this comprehensive study of respondents who use at least one online dating site such as eHarmony or Match.
Even more interesting is the issue of privacy and security. Gibbs remarked that security issues were the most important factor that influenced uncertainty reduction behaviors Gibbs et al, , p. Basically, the extent to which URT applied to the results was based on security issues. As users were concerned with who they were communicating with, they engaged in more information seeking strategies.
There were also other notable results. In addition to information seeking behavior, users also tended to utilize warranting reducing uncertainty and overcoming security concerns. This could be accounted for by the fact that within the realm of online dating, the users intend to develop FtF relationships over time. Indeed, this increased the overall use of uncertainty reduction strategies. Consequently, these warranting practices mean that security was a major issue. As expected, users who engaged in these strategies tended to disclose more personal information to the other user. Moreover, contextual clues were also used to reduce uncertainty and find out about the potential mates they were communicating with.
Thus, although visual cues were not there and users were communicating randomly, similar principles of URT still did apply. Users not only disclosed more information as they used more strategies, but they also tended to value privacy concerns more. In fact, the issue of privacy is one of the major differences from CMC within other social networks like Facebook. Gibbs also remarked that because users do not have access to mutual friends as they would in Facebook, considering potential partners required a much more in depth process of reducing uncertainty Gibbs et al, , p.
Indeed, predicting the level of self disclosure that users participated in was directly correlated to the privacy-related concerns of online dating sites. Thus, since URT strategies mitigated these concerns, many users who reported success in online dating engaged in these strategies quite often. Consequently, we can see that while the Facebook environment is different from online dating sites, users still engaged in similar strategies, albeit in different levels of intensity.
Gibbs also reported that although higher self-disclosure in online dating led to greater perceived success, her findings suggest that there are numerous key distinctions in the type of self-disclosure that was utilized. As users have a choice as to what information they divulge, they can monitor the image that they project on potential partners. Interestingly, users did not always portray themselves in the most positive light as originally anticipated. In fact, while many users reported to be frankly honest for negative traits, this was detrimental to the perception of the other person. This was accounted for by Gibbs with the hypothesis that users anticipated a future FtF interaction and did not want to take the risk of being caught lying Gibbs, , p.
Self Presentation success, on the other hand, was attributed to positive self disclosure. In relation to URT, we see that users who perceived successful relationships did in fact disclose more information as the interaction went on. However, the type of disclosure was the major distinction. Users who portrayed themselves more positively experienced more success in contrast to users who were more honest with negative characteristics. Drawing on early research from Berger and Calabrese , information seeking and predictability are strategies that helped people reduce uncertainty about people they meet in person.
Moreover, Gibbs et al also argued that since users tend to divulge information at the same rate as the other person, more open communication is the result of successful strategies that have reduced uncertainty about the other person. In a demographic context, Gudykunst argued that there were no major differences in how both men and women reduced uncertainty. However, research papers did suggest that blacks tended to practice more interrogation than whites. Despite unflattering research about how the internet fostered a hostile environment, the development of online relationships was quite common. Many of these even eventually led to a FtF interaction. As visual cues were absent, users improvised by offering textual cues like smileys.
This made the overall impersonal experience much more humanesqe. As users interacted more, their level of uncertainty decreased. Furthermore, URT was also supported by the fact that respondents claimed that they could predict the behavior of their Facebook friends whom they interacted with the most. In terms of online dating, sites like eHarmony were devised with scientific principles of human interaction in mind. Their Guided Communication process allowed for introductions based on compatibility criteria. Communication was also heavily mediated and private so that users could carry out their uncertainty reduction strategies with ease. Because privacy and security were primary concerns, users tended to utilize uncertainty reduction strategies to get to know their matches.
For instance, users tended to disclose more information as the other person divulged theirs. Another common practice was warranting, or using third party tools like Google searches, other friends or the internet in general to find out more about their potential partners. This information seeking strategy also heavily supported URT. Finally, users who used these strategies tended to have more success in developing better relationships. However, it is important to note that the type of information shared was also important in online dating success. According to Gibbs , users experienced higher levels of perceived success when only positive information was disclosed.There is also evidence Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper people who are highly Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper about Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper are more likely to identify with more homogeneous groups to reduce their Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper of self and reach a more definite Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper. Personality and Social Psychology Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper. Furthermore, URT was do not stand at my grave and weep meaning Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper by the fact that respondents claimed that they could predict the behavior of their Facebook friends whom Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper interacted with the most. Learn more about Ultius scholarships. Cookie Einstellung Akzeptieren. ISSN Drug Uncertainty Reduction Theory Research Paper is a serious problem that Urban Outfitters Case Study not need to be left alone and untreated.