⚡ To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis
Scout explains, "Miss Caroline Figurative Language In The Treasure Of Lemon Brown unaware To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis the ragged, denim-shirted and flour-sack-skirted first graders Essay On Standardized Testing In Schools immune to To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis literature. They hear that Mr. LitCharts Teacher Editions. As they run, they hear a shotgun sound somewhere behind them. The way the content is organized and presented is To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis smooth, To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis, and comprehensive. Home About Story Contact Help. Atticus teaches Scout about compromise: To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis she goes to school, Atticus will let her To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis reading with him at home.
To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 12
Good, Evil, and Human Dignity. Scout heads for the kitchen. Calpurnia asks what to do about church this week. That night she bathes Scout roughly and supervises Jem. In the morning, Scout puts on her heavily starched dress. Calpurnia leads them to First Purchase, the black church, named because freed slaves bought it with their first earnings. Most people part respectfully and let Calpurnia lead Scout and Jem to the steps, but one woman, Lula , asks why Calpurnia has white children. Especially going forward from this point, Scout will see just how discriminatory Maycomb is and just how terribly most white people think of and treat their black neighbors. Related Quotes with Explanations. Reverend Sykes leads Calpurnia , Scout , and Jem to the front pew. Calpurnia gives dimes to Scout and Jem, telling them to keep theirs, and Scout asks where the hymnbooks are.
Calpurnia shushes her. Zeebo comes to the front of the church to lead the first hymn. The sermon is forthright and familiar to Scout, but she finds it odd that people go to the front to offer their collection. This becomes an important moment in which Scout gets to see firsthand the way that other people in her town go about things, as it introduces her to the fact that not everyone in Maycomb lives like she does, or even the way that poor white families like the Cunninghams live. Outside, Jem and Scout chat with Reverend Sykes.
Scout peppers Calpurnia with questions and learns that Tom is in jail because Bob Ewell accused him of raping his daughter. Scout remembers how Atticus called the Ewells trash and asks what rape is. Miss Caroline is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and does not understand the country ways of Maycomb. To begin the day, Miss Caroline reads a saccharine children's story about cats, which leaves the children feeling restless. Scout explains, "Miss Caroline seemed unaware that the ragged, denim-shirted and flour-sack-skirted first graders were immune to imaginative literature. Therefore, when Miss Caroline writes the alphabet on the board and Scout reads it through easily, then reads from her reader and from the local paper, Miss Caroline forbids Scout to let Atticus teach her to read anymore.
Rather than congratulating Scout on her knowledge, Miss Caroline believes Scout is being taught incorrectly and tells her not to read at home anymore. Scout explains she doesn't remember learning how to read, but it seems she always knew how. When Miss Caroline forbids her to continue reading, she realizes how important it is to her: "Until I feared I would lose it, I never loved to read. One does not love breathing. At recess, Jem listens to Scout's complaints and tries to reassure her, explaining that Miss Caroline is introducing a new teaching technique which he calls the Dewey Decimal System.
Back in class, Scout gets bored and starts writing a letter to Dill, but is criticized again by her teacher for knowing how to write in script when she's only supposed to print in first grade. Scout blames Calpurnia for teaching her how to write in script on rainy days. At lunchtime, Miss Caroline asks everyone who isn't going home for lunch to show her their lunch pails. One boy, Walter Cunningham , has no pail and refuses to accept Miss Caroline's loan of a quarter to buy something with.
Miss Caroline doesn't understand his refusal, and a classmate asks Scout to help explain. Scout tells Miss Caroline that Walter is a Cunningham, and thinks that explanation should be enough. After realizing Miss Caroline doesn't know what that means, Scout explains that the Cunninghams don't accept other people's help, and just try to get by with what little they have. Scout mentally recollects how Mr. Cunningham, when entailed, repaid Atticus for his legal services by giving the Finch family hickory nuts, stove wood, and other farm produce.
The Cunninghams are farmers who don't have actual money now that the Depression is on. Many professionals in the town charge their country clients in farm produce rather than monetary currency. When Scout explains that Walter can't pay back the lunch money Miss Caroline offered, the teacher taps Scout's hand with a ruler and makes her stand in the corner of the room. Scout and the children are puzzled by this very unthreatening form of "whipping," and the entire class laughs until a locally-born sixth grade teacher arrives and announces that she'll "burn up everybody" in the room if they aren't quiet. The first half of the day ends, and on her way out of the classroom, Scout sees Miss Caroline bury her head in her arms as the children leave the room.
However, Scout doesn't feel sorry for her considering her unfriendly treatment that morning. Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for lunch when he finds out that the boy doesn't have any food. Walter hesitates but then takes Jem up on the friendly offer. At the Finch house, Atticus and Walter discuss farming, and Scout is overwhelmed by their adult speech. Walter asks for some molasses and proceeds to pour it all over his meat and vegetables. Scout rudely asks him what he's doing and Calpurnia gives her a lecture in the kitchen about how to treat guests - even if they're from a family like the Cunninghams. Back at school, there's a big scene when Miss Caroline screams upon seeing a louse "cootie" crawl off of the head of one of the boys in the class.
This boy, Burris Ewell, comes from a family so poor that Atticus says they "live like animals. The children inform their teacher of this, explaining that "He's one of the Ewells. The children comfort her and she reads them a story. Scout feels discouraged returning home from school. After dinner she tells Atticus she doesn't want to go back. Atticus asks her to understand the situation from Miss Caroline's point of view - Miss Caroline can't be expected to know what to do with her students when she doesn't know anything about them yet. Scout wants to be like Burris Ewell and not have to go to school at all. As Atticus explains, the town authorities bend the law for the Ewells because they'll never change their ways - for instance, Mr.
Ewell can hunt out of season because everyone knows he spends his relief checks on whiskey and his children won't eat if he doesn't hunt. Atticus teaches Scout about compromise: if she goes to school, Atticus will let her keep reading with him at home. Scout agrees and Atticus reads to her and Jem from the papers. School continues; the year goes by. Scout doubts that the new educational system is really doing her any good - she finds school boring and wishes the teacher would allow her to read and write, rather than ask the children to do silly activities geared toward "Group Dynamics" and "Good Citizenship.
She investigates further and finds two pieces of chewing gum. Scout is careful, but eventually decides to chew them. Upon learning she is chewing found gum, Jem makes her spit it out. Later, toward the end of the school year, Jem and Scout find two polished Indian-head pennies, good luck tokens, inside the same knothole. The children don't know if the knothole is someone's hiding place or if the pennies are a gift, but decide to take them and keep them safely at the bottom of Jem's trunk. Dill comes to Maycomb for the summer again, full of stories about train rides and his father, whom he claims to have finally seen.
The three try to start a few games, but quickly get bored. Jem rolls Scout inside an old tire, but he pushes so hard that it ends up in the Radley's yard. Terrified, Scout runs back home, but leaves the tire behind. Jem has to run into the yard and retrieve the tire. Dill thinks Boo Radley died and Jem says they stuffed his body up the chimney. Scout thinks maybe he's still alive. They invent a new game about Boo Radley.
Jem plays Boo, Dill plays Mr. Radley, and Scout plays Mrs. They polish it up over the summer into a little dramatic reenactment of all the gossip they've heard about Boo and his family, including a scene using Calpurnia's scissors as a prop. One day Atticus catches them playing the game and asks them if it has anything to do with the Radley family. They deny it, and Atticus replies, "I hope it doesn't. Jem and Dill have become closer friends, and Scout, being a girl, finds herself often excluded from their play. Dill, in childish fashion, has decided to get engaged to Scout, but now he and Jem play together often and Scout finds herself unwelcome. Instead of playing with the boys, Scout often sits with their neighbor, the avid gardener Miss Maudie Atkinson , watches the sun set on her front steps, or partakes of Miss Maudie's fine homemade cake.
Miss Maudie is honest in her speech and her ways, with a witty tongue, and Scout considers her a trusted friend. Scout asks her one day about Boo Radley, and Miss Maudie says that he's still alive, he just doesn't like to come outside. She also says that most of the rumors about him aren't true. Miss Maudie explains that the Radleys are foot-washing Baptists - they believe all pleasure is a sin against God, and stay inside most of the time reading the Bible.
She says that Arthur was a nice boy when she used to know him. The next day, Jem and Dill hatch a plan to leave a note for Boo in the Radley's window, using a fishing line. The note will ask him to come out sometimes and tell them what he's doing inside, and that they won't hurt him and will buy him ice cream. Dill says he wants Boo to come out and sit with them for a while, as it might make the man feel better. Dill and Scout keep watch in case anyone comes along, and Jem tries to deliver the note with the fishing pole, but finds that it's harder to maneuver than he expected.
As he struggles, Atticus arrives and catches them all. He tells them to stop tormenting Boo, and lectures them about how Boo has a right to his privacy, and that they shouldn't go near the house unless they're invited. He accuses them of putting Boo's life history on display for the edification of the neighborhood. Jem says that he didn't say they were doing that, and thus inadvertently admits that they were doing just that. Atticus caught him with "the oldest lawyer's trick on record. It is Dill's last summer night in Maycomb. Jem and Scout get permission to go sit with him that evening. Dill wants to go for "a walk," but it turns into something more: Jem and Dill want to sneak over to the Radley place and peek into one of their windows.
Scout doesn't want them to do it, but Jem accuses her of being girlish, an insult she can't bear, and she goes along with it. They sneak under a wire fence and go through a gate. In his play dramas… read analysis of Charles Baker Harris Dill. Arthur Radley Boo The youngest Radley. Arthur is a recluse, and his life is shrouded in mystery. At the beginning of the novel, his unwillingness to come out of the house leads to wild rumors that he eats… read analysis of Arthur Radley Boo. Bob Ewell The racist patriarch of the Ewell family, which lives behind the Maycomb dump. His aggressive, drunken behavior causes people in Maycomb to give him a wide berth and allow him to break the rules, as… read analysis of Bob Ewell.
Miss Maudie is in her 40s and a widow, and she loves to garden but hates her house. Atticus has employed her for years, and following the death of his wife, Calpurnia essentially raises Scout and Jem. Scout initially sees Calpurnia as tyrannical and horrible, but as she… read analysis of Calpurnia. Tom Robinson A year-old black man whom Atticus defends in a court case against the Ewells. Bob Ewell claims that his daughter, Mayella , was raped by Tom. However, Tom is kind, a churchgoer, and a married… read analysis of Tom Robinson. Henry Lafayette Dubose Mrs. Dubose is a widow who lives two doors down from the Finches. Some, like Cecil , walk further every day… read analysis of Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose.
Dolphus Raymond A white man who, for much of the novel, Scout and most people in Maycomb believe is always drunk. Dolphus Raymond. Scout adores him… read analysis of Uncle Jack. Underwood The sole owner, writer, and editor of the Maycomb Tribune. According to Atticus , Mr. Underwood is an intense and profane man. He seldom leaves his home above the Tribune to report on any… read analysis of Mr. Avery An older and cantankerous neighbor who lives across the street from the Finches. Scout , Jem , and Dill find Mr. Avery fascinating… read analysis of Mr.Miss Maudie is obsessed with her flowerbeds, and goes about explain how different social professional and cultural contexts may affect relationships them despite disapproval of the "foot-washing Baptists," To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis occasionally accuse her of spending too much time in such vain earthly pursuits. Sign Up. The first To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis of the day ends, and on her way out of the classroom, Scout sees Miss Caroline bury her head in Healthy Days Measures Case Study arms as the To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis leave To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis room. Cunningham with some legal issues, and as a Cunningham, To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter 12 Analysis.